Basic need of Islam
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Right to Basic Necessities of Life in Islam.
Shahadah: The English translation of the Shahadah is as follows: “I bear witness that there is none worthy of worship except Allah (S.W.T), the One, without any partner. And I bear witness that Muhammad is His servant and Mohammad (S.A.W)” Islams fundamental belief is the Unity of God. All other beliefs hang on this belief. Therefore the acknowledgement and bearing witness of this is the key to the Muslim faith. Unless this is observed one cannot be a Muslim.
Salat: Islam lays the greatest of emphasis on Salat, prayers and remembrance of Allah (S.W.T), for spiritual reformation. Prior to Salat one makes ones ablutions, have clean clothes on and in keeping with the sanctity of the worship present oneself on time and with full respect. The first part of this preparation is the apparent cleanliness. One should try and have clean clothes on. The ablutions before prayer need to be made to make the Salat valid. One cleans ones hands, rinses the mouth, cleans the nostrils, washes the face, hands and fore-arms. All this is repeated three times. Wet hands are passed over the head and the ears are cleaned with the tips of the forefinger.
Lastly the feet are washed, again three times. Along with the obvious cleanliness through ablution, it also signifies a purification of ones inner self. When a worshipper washes during ablution with the intention of praying, he/she also reflects on his/her inner purification and cleanses his/her mind from worldly thoughts, and draws the attention of his/her soul to be in attendance of Allah (S.W.T).
The significance of all the different postures of Salat is there is a deep connection between what is on the outside and the inner self of a human being. The physical postures of Salat are in keeping with the mental attitude of humility with which one worships God. These postures affect the heart and indeed the hearts humility affects the physical postures. The prayer starts with a standing position called Qiyam. Then there is a bowing position called Tasbih. Two prostrations are followed, they are called Sajdah. In the end theres a sitting position and that is known as Qadah.
Fasting: Along w ith salat , another important form of w orship is fasting.
It is obligatory for each Muslim, apart f rom some exemptions, to fast in the month of Ramadhan.
During the hours of fasting, food and drink and conjugal relations between husband and w ife are forbidden. It is enjoined that during fasting one should pay at tention to remembrance of God and study the Holy Quran in abundance.
One should t ry to curtail ones w orldly pastimes as much as possible during Ramadhan, and to be part icularly inclined towards charity and alms giving. Human life is dependent on food and drink and the
continuation of the human race depends on the marital relationship.
While fasting one ref rains f rom them both, as if bearing witness to God that for His pleasure man gives up the factors (temporarily) upon which his very existence depends. The various other benef its of fasting are that man gets to exercise sacrif icing physical comfort and to endure hunger and thirst . Fasting
creates a sense of equality between the rich and the poor.
By developing an appreciation of hunger and thirst , it makes the w ell-of f think of the needs of the poor and impresses a feeling of compassion in their hearts. It makes them appreciate, through the pract icality of it , the state a human being endures w hen hungry and thirsty. Ramadhan is a most effective and excellent means of spiritual development for mankind.
Zakat: Zakat is a part of devotion enjoined upon Muslims by the Holy Quran. It is a means where the well-off pay a set amount of their wealth. Zakat means to purify oneself. It is obligatory on Muslims to pay a little percentage of their accumulated wealth towards Zakat, which is used for the benefit of the needy and the poor. Zakat is not levied on ones.
Property that is in personal use, rather on the assets w hich have a means of increasing and w hich are surplus to ones needs. It is a means of social just ice and order. It teaches sympathy of the highest order.
Hajj: Hajj is another form of w orship. It is obligatory for each adult Muslim w ho can af ford it . Apart f rom the financial aspect , the ability to af ford the pilgrimage also means that one is able to t ravel and perform the Hajj in peace. During Hajj, the person w ho intends to perform it is required to t ravel to Mecca during the prescribed days and observe all the rites and ceremonies.
During Hajj Muslims f rom all corners of the w orld gather in Mecca and perform the rites of Hajj and thus st rengthen the bond of Muslim unity.During Hajj each place brings to mind some event of the blessed life of the Holy Prophet (peace and blessings on him). It ref reshes the memory of the supreme sacrif ices made by the Holy Prophet (peace and blessings on him) for the sake of Islam.