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When is Ramadan 2022
How long is it and what do you say on the first day?
Ramadan is the ninth month of the Islamic calendar and is marked by Muslims worldwide as a month of day-time fasting. The annual observance of this special month is regarded as one of the Five Pillars of Islam and commemorates Muhammad’s first revelation. The Islamic calendar is based on lunar cycles, unlike our Gregorian calendar, so the exact dates of Ramadan change every year.
When is Ramadan 2022 and how long does it last?
This year, Ramadan will begin on the evening of Monday or Tuesday, it depends on the moonsighting. Throughout the Ramadan period, adult Muslims of able body and mind start their day-time fasting before sunrise with a pre-dawn meal called ‘Suhur’. This includes abstaining from eating, drinking, and sexual intimacy until sunset. Many observers also choose to stay away from smoking, taking medicine, and chewing gum during this time window.
Then, in the evening, it is traditional to have a joyous breaking of the fast with your family or community during Iftar. Those who are acutely or chronically ill, diabetic, menstruating or breastfeeding do not have to fast, as well as children who haven’t hit puberty yet and the elderly.
During this time, studying the Quran, donating money to the poor, and committing more time to prayers are encouraged. The month of fasting will be celebrated on May 12, when Eid al-Fitr – ‘Festival of Breaking the Fast’ – takes place. It will see Muslims host great feasts, give gifts to children and spend time with their closest family and friends.
What do you say on the first day of Ramadan? It is customary to wish someone a ‘Happy Ramadan’ by saying ‘Ramadan Mubarak’. Alternatively, you can say ‘Ramadan Kareem’ which translates into ‘Have a generous Ramadan’.
On the last day of Ramadan, to mark Eid al-Fitr, people will often say ‘Eid Mubarak’.